BREATHE. AUSTRIA, austrian pavilion expo milan 2015 The Austrian Pavilion in Milan unites architecture and the environment to create an integral contribution. Planting a grove of trees to create 560 m2 of forest, breathe takes a exemplary approach – multifaceted and sensory in equal measure – to focusing on our relationship with the environment and climate. The vegetation of the tree grove features an overall leaf surface area or evaporation surface of ca. 43,200 m2 and thus generates 62.5 kg of fresh air each hour, meeting the needs of 1,800 people – essentially making it a photosynthesis collector that contributes to global oxygen production. This effect is technically supported in the pavilion by evaporative cooling, but without air treatment systems. This allows the sensory climate of a dense forest in Austria to be reconstructed using comparatively natural measures based on the cooling effect of the plants’ evapotranspiration. The achieved result clearly differs from the local air and climate in Milan and is thus perceptible on diverse sensory levels.

breathe is a natural cycle whose ecological performance takes center stage. This patch of forest – 100-percent blanketed in trees – represents an exemplary contribution to urban approaches. Indeed, an integral use of landscape can supply urban life-forms with plenty of oxygen and cooling air. This in turn makes reference to Austria’s sustainable reforestation policy or, conversely, to the global decrease in tree population so vital to life. It is a fundus of form for the comprehensive leitmotif “Air and Climate in the 21st Century,” but also, in terms of content, a space of intervention and experimentation with artistic and scientific work. Visitors at the Austrian Pavilion – their senses stimulated – embark upon a sensory, scientific, and artistic journey of discovery where air provides essential nourishment. Space, experience, and exhibition merge. During the six-month exhibition period, air becomes tangible and experienceable as public domain, fostering space for networking where knowledge is generated and shared.

  • Location: EXPO 2015
  • Year : 2014-2015
  • Local architects Team:Michele Brunello e Marco Brega, Francesca Motta
  • Idea/Concept/Implementation Team: TEAM.BREATHE.AUSTRIA
    terrain: landscape urbanism BDA, Graz –Klaus K. Loenhart
    in cooperation with
    Agency in Biosphere, Graz – Markus Jeschaunig
    Hohensinn Architektur, Graz – Karlheinz Boiger
    Graz University of Technology Institute for Architecture and Landscape / LandLab –
    Andreas Goritschnig and Bernhard König
    Lendlabor, Graz – Anna Resch and Lisa Maria Enzenhofer
    Climate Design: Transsolar Energietechnik, Munich–Wolfgang Kessling (Danube
    University Krems)
    Vegetation Technology: Bernhard Scharf, Vienna (BOKU Institute of Soil
    Bioengineering and Landscape Construction/IBLB)
    Structure: Engelsmann Peters Beratende Ingenieure, Graz / Stuttgart Stefan Peters
    (Graz University of Technology – Institute for Structural Design)
    Local Partner: DONTSTop Michele Brunello and Marco Brega, Francesca Motta
  • Client: EXPO 2015 AUSTRIA, Austrian Pavilion EXPO Milan 2015

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